“Obesity is the heavy accumulation of fat in your body to such a degree that it significantly increases your risk of diseases that can damage your health and knock years off your life, such as heart disease and diabetes.
The fat may be equally distributed around the body or concentrated around the abdomen or midriff (apple-shaped) or the hips and thighs (pear-shaped).” http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/health_advice/facts/obesity.htm
BMI, which stands for Body Mass Index, is the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). It is a commonly used index to classify excessive weight and obesity in adults. World Health Organisation defines being overweight as a BMI equal to or more than 25 and being obese when a BMI goes over 30.
The full classification of BMI:
- <18.5 – underweight
- 18.5 – 24.9 – normal weight
- >25 – overweight
- 25 – 29.5 – pre-obese
- >30 – obese
- 30 – 34.9 – obese class I
- 35 – 39.9 – obese class II
- >40 – obese class III.
Facts about excess weight and obesity
- Excess weight and obesity are the 5th leading risk for global deaths.
- According to the WHO, at least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese.
- 44% of diabetes, 23% of the ischaemic heart disease and between 7% and 41% of certain cancers are connected with excess weight and obesity.
- 65% of the world’s population live in countries where excess weight and obesity kill more people than underweight (this includes all high-income and most middle-income countries.
- By 2050 the prevalence of obesity is predicted to affect 60% of adult men, 50% of adult women.
Health Risks of Obesity
- Increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
- Increased risk of colon cancer.
- Increased risk of hypertension, thus raising the probability of a stroke and heart attack.
- Increased risk of other types of cancer.
- Higher risk of developing gallstones.
- Raised cholesterol levels.
- Higher risk of developing arthritis, rheumatism and joint problems.
- Makes breathing, walking and exercising much harder.
- Increased risk of infertility.
- Increased the risk of impotence.
- Can lead to developing varicose veins.
- Reduces life expectancy.
What makes us fat?
- Eating more than your body spends on life processes and activities.
- Eating food poor in nutrients.
- Eating food which is high in refined carbohydrates, fats and artificial food additives.
- Eating food which is low in fibre.
- Low daily physical activity.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Stress, especially persistent, low level.
- Insufficient sleep on a regular basis.
- Snacking frequently on high-calorie food.
- Prescription medications – corticosteroids, antidepressants, contraceptives – these are all disruptive to the hormone system.
- Many other medications.
- Insufficient intake of water.
- Toxins coming from plastics, foods, water, air, cigarettes (environmental toxins).
- Alcohol abuse.
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